Projects of Evaluation Sector

Turkiye Water Sector Public Expenditure Review

Organization: DHInfrastructure


The World Bank wanted to conduct a Public Expenditure Review (PER) of the water sector in Türkiye. The objective of this effort was to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of Türkiye's public spending in the water sector and gain a broader understanding of the role that public spending plays in addressing challenges within the water sector. The PER also aimed to inform the World Bank's policy dialogue with the Government of Türkiye and relevant stakeholders, as well as its lending operations.

Service Provided

DHInfrastructure tracked public expenditures in the water sector, including sub-sectors such as irrigation, flood and drought management, water supply and sanitation, water resource management, and hydropower from 2010 - 2020 across relevant line ministries, departments, and agencies at the national, regional, and local levels. We tracked how funds are transferred, reviewed the budgetary process, and identified projected allocations under the next national five-year development plan, as well as strategic milestones such as the Sustainable Development Goal targets. We assessed the equity and targeting of expenditures, considering the alignment of budget allocations with perceived needs, and conducted detailed case studies in Istanbul, Ankara, and Denizli. DHInfrastructure examined all the above factors in the context of macroeconomic challenges and varying priorities in the post-COVID environment. Insights from the water sector PER contributed to knowledge generation and sector dialogue on strategic planning and budget preparation and identified ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of resource allocations in the water sector. The PER provided an independent assessment of the adequacy, appropriateness, and effectiveness of spending in the water sector to inform any future revisions of sector plans based on sector targets, available resources, and fiscal space.