The World Bank (WB) sought a firm to conduct a Public Expenditure Review (PER) of the water sector in Turkey. The WB sought to obtain a better understanding of the water sector financing situation in Turkey. Insights from the water sector PER contributed to knowledge generation and sector dialogue on strategic planning and budget preparation and identified ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of resource allocations in the water sector. The PER provided an independent assessment of the adequacy, appropriateness, and effectivness of spending in the water sector to inform any future revisions of sector plans based on sector targets, available resources, and fiscal space.
DHInfrastructure tracked public expenditures in the sector, including subsectors such as irrigation, flood and drought management, water supply and sanitation, water resource management, and hydropower for the period 2010-2020 across relevant line ministries, departments, and agencies at the national, regional, and local levels. We tracked how funds are transferred in the sector and reviewed the budgetary process. We identified projected allocations in the sector to cover the period up to the next national five year development plan, as well as strategic milestones such as the Sustainable Development Goal targets, and projected funding and financing gaps in the sector considering sector targets, macroeconomic conditions, and fiscal space. We assessed the equity and targeting of expenditures in the sector, considering the alignment of budget allocations with perceived need. We conducted detailed case studies in Istanbul, Ankara, and Denizli. DHInfrastructure examined all the above factors in the context of macroeconomic challenges and varying priorities in the post-COVID environment.